I see a lot of people having issues and/or doubts about the light switches when installing smart bulbs in their homes. This is how I do it in my house.
As I mentioned in a previous post, I have several LIFX installed in the house. And, using only the original switches with them was out of the question. If a switch were turned off, the functionalities of the bulbs connected to that circuit would be lost.
On the other hand, I had to keep the switches for my older relatives (and some visitors), who always come here, and are used to using the “good old switches” or are not comfortable using voice assistants.
At first, I tried to use Amazon Dash Buttons while I kept the light button on. It worked very well, but the time between pushing the button and the light turn on was a bit annoying. Not to mention the complaints of those who used them: “Why do your lights take so long to turn on?”. Sometimes it would take almost 3 seconds for a light to come on.
I also tried replacing the switches with TP-Link HS200 Smart Switches. They look good and fit very well on the wall, but they’re just expensive relays and would not solve the issue. When switched off they also turned off the bulbs. It would need a custom firmware, but not all smart switches allow us to change their firmware.
I bought some units and flashed them with ESPHome.
ESPHome config for the living room switch:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 esphome: name: shelly01 platform: ESP8266 board: esp01_1m on_boot: priority: -10 then: - switch.turn_on: relay wifi: ssid: !secret wifi_ssid password: !secret wifi_password logger: api: ota: binary_sensor: - platform: gpio pin: GPIO5 name: "Living Room Light Switch" switch: - platform: gpio name: "Living Room Light Relay" pin: GPIO4 id: relay
The living room lights:
1 2 3 4 5 6 light: - platform: group - name: "Living Room Ceiling Lights" entities: - light.living_room_ceiling1 - light.living_room_ceiling2
I use Node-RED, so I’m a bit rusty in YAML. The automation would look something like this:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 automation: - alias: 'Living Room Lights Turn ON' trigger: platform: state entity_id: binary_sensor.living_room_light_switch condition: condition: state entity_id: light.living_room_ceiling_lights state: 'off' action: service: light.turn_on data: entity_id: light.living_room_ceiling_lights kelvin: 7000 brightness_pct: 100 - alias: 'Living Room Lights Turn OFF' trigger: platform: state entity_id: binary_sensor.living_room_light_switch condition: condition: state entity_id: light.living_room_ceiling_lights state: 'on' action: service: light.turn_off data: entity_id: light.living_room_ceiling_lights
- Really fast response - It’s like turning on and off an ordinary light bulb. Most people would not even notice that they are connected devices.
- Smart bulbs always on - You have the smart bulbs (and their features) available all the time.
- Prevents smart bulbs resets - Some smart bulbs are reset to factory defaults if turned on and off 5 or 6 times in a row. You can flick the light switch as much as you want and that won’t happen, only the LEDs will be switched on and off. Frenck would love this part! 😄.
- Additional cost - Not really a con since they are not expensive. But needs to be taken into account.
- Relay always on - This worries me a bit because I think this can shorten its life span.
- Connectivity - Home Assistant needs to be accessible by the switches all the time.
I have been using this solution for a few months and am very happy with it, especially since I have had no issues so far.
Brian Hanifin has made amazing improvements to the setup above, including “failover code which turns the smart switch back into a dumb switch should Home Assistant be unavailable to turn on the light when flipped”. All described in detail in his blog post.